History of Al-Aqsa Mosque
Bayt Al-Maqdis or Al-Aqsa Mosque is a small place with a long and great history. A story that dates from the beginning of human presence on Earth. The first to build the Al-Aqsa Mosque was the first of Human and Prophets, our ancestor and our Master Adam, Peace be upon him.
Prophet Mohammad, blessings upon him, revealed to us that Adam built the Al-Aqsa Mosque forty years after He built the Holy Kaaba.(1)
Bayt Al-Maqdis was already called a Mosque even before Muslims built it during the Umayyad era.
” Almasjid Al’aqsaa alladhi Barakna Hawlah ”. (2)
The Qur’an reveals: “Glory to Him who by night made His servant [Muhammad] travel from the Al-Haram Mosque to the al-Aqsa Mosque which We have blessed all around. (2)
This underlines that it was indeed a mosque even before the mission of Prophet Mohammed, peace and blessings upon him.
In the Muslim creed the Al-Aqsa Mosque existed at the time of Seth, son of Adam, at the time of Idris and at the beginning of the reign of Nuh, Peace be upon them All.
The Al-Aqsa Mosque was destroyed for the first time during the Nouh Flood. While its walls had collapsed, the foundations laid by our ancestor and Master, Adam – peace be upon him -, remained and it is on these same foundations that our Master Ibrahim- on Him peace and blessings rebuild the Al Mosque. -Aqsa. (3)
After Ibrahim, many peoples and tribes lived in Jerusalem until the arrival of a powerful people, known historically as the Pale tribes. Hence the name Palestine.
The Pales destroyed the Al-Aqsa Mosque. Prophet Daoud, Peace be upon him, expelled them from the Holy City. His son and successor, Soulayman – Peace be upon them both – rebuilt the Al-Aqsa Mosque.
Al-Mundhiri reports following an authentic chain of narrators (4) that the Prophet Mohammad – Blessings be upon Him – said:
When Soulayman, son of Daoud, Peace be upon Them both, finished building Al-Aqsa, He asked God, Almighty that anyone entering to pray in this mosque, come out of it absolved of his sins, as on the day of his birth.
After entering Jerusalem, Bayt Al-Maqdis, Muslims gave special importance to the Al-Aqsa Mosque. Indeed it is there that the Messenger Mohammad led the prayer as Imam of all the Messengers of God. It was a miraculous night and it was a prayer unprecedented in human prayers.
Today, the Al-Aqsa Mosque is of great value to a great number of humans. And it should be noted that there is a consensus among Muslims, Christians and wise men among the Jews to agree that Al-Quds Al-Sharif has never known as much justice and peace as during the period when he was administered under the authority of Muslims.
The blessings of Al-Aqsa Mosque include:
-Maymoonah bint Al-Harith, said: “O Messenger of God, tell us something about Jerusalem”. He replied: If you can pray there. If you can’t pray there, send some oil for his lanterns. (5)
– Abu Sa`id al-Khudri reports that Prophet Mohammad said (in Medina): “You will only travel for three mosques: Masjid Al-Haram, Masjid Al-Aqsa and this mosques here.
– Jabir bin Abdallah, reports that the Prophet Mohammad, said: “One Prayer in the Holy Mosque of Meque is equivalent to One hundred thousand Prayers, one Prayer in my Mosque is equivalent to a thousand Prayers and one Prayer in Masjid Al-Aqsa is equivalent to five hundred Prayers. ” (7)
- Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith No. 3425 copy of from Hadith Encyclopedia
- Sura Al-Israa, Verse 1
- Introduction to the study of Al-Aqsa Mosque. Abdullah Maarouf, pages 68-70, Dar Al-Ilm for millions, 2009 edition
- Sunan Al-Nasa’i Hadith No. 693, Edition of Hadith Encyclopedia
- Al-Majmoo’ de l’ Imam An-Nawawi vol. 8, page 278
- Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 1995 edition of Hadith Encyclopedia
- Al-Jami` Al-Sagheer by Al-Imam Al-Suyuti Al-Hadith No. 5109 Version of from Hadith Encyclopedia